Maize production is expected to cross 30,000 tonnes this year. Maize was sown in 13,000 acres in Khammam and Bhadradri districts and the extent of the irrigated dry crop is increasing by the year. Farmers at large in Mudigonda, Kusumanchi, Bonakal, Errupalem and Chintakani mandals in Khammam district and Allapalli, Sattupalli, Yellandu, Tekulapalli, Mulakalapalli and Chandrugonda mandals in Bhadradri district opted to sow maize. The crop is now at harvesting stage and his is creating tension among the farmers as they remember the horrible experiences of last year. Delayed lifting led to crop getting damaged in the fields due to rains last year. The resultant losses were put at around Rs 5 crore. The delayed lifting also forced farmers to stay at the lifting centres over three days or more. Private traders, who cashed in on the the situation, bought the damaged maize at throwaway prices.
Area under kharif maize in India was just 0.1% lower on year at 7.9 mln ha. Maize acreage in the country was higher than the normal area of 7.4 mln ha for the season, which is based on the average of last five years. Sowing was higher on year in key growing states of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Telangana, while it was down in Maharashtra, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Haryana. Acreage was also higher in states like Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Karnataka, despite reports of armyworm pest attack in some pockets of these states. Announcement of higher minimum support price by the Centre for maize encouraged growers to bring more area under the coarse grain in top producing states. However, patchy distribution of monsoon rains led to a fall in acreage in some regions.
Corn futures saw 2 to 3 1/4 cent gains in most front months. Export Inspections report from the USDA showed 1.263 MMT in corn shipments during the week of September 20. That was up 21.95% from the week prior and 61.97% larger than the same time last year. 72% of the US corn crop was mature as of 9/23 (avg. 53%), with harvest listed as 16% complete (avg. 11%).
Some 17.74 million tonnes of Ukrainian maize was exported in the 2017/2018 marketing year.
The effects of a summer drought have continued to weigh on crops in the European Union despite less severe conditions in the past month. Persistent dryness, which has hurt crops and parched grasslands across northern Europe, also poses a risk for the rapeseed that has just been sown for next year’s harvest. Forecast of the EU’s 2018 grain maize yield to 7.49 tonnes per hectare (t/ha) from 7.57 t/ha estimated last month.
JAPAN’S USE OF CORN IN ANIMAL FEED RISES IN JULY. Japan’s use of corn in animal feed rose to 48.1 percent in July from a year earlier.
Area under maize in India was 0.2% higher on year at 7.9 mln ha. Maize acreage in the country was higher than the normal area of 7.4 mln ha for the season, which is based on the average of last five years. Sowing was higher on year in key growing states of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Telangana, while it was down in Maharashtra, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Haryana. Acreage was higher in states like Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Karnataka despite reports of armyworm pest attack in some pockets of these states. The India Meteorological Department had given timely advisories to maize growers in these states to curb the spread of pest attack.
A fresh problem in the form of Fall Armyworm, or Spodoptera frugiperda, threatens farmers across the country this kharif season. Currently infesting the maize crop, agricultural scientists warn that this pest could soon spread and attack other crops, including cotton, sorghum, sugarcane, cabbage and soyabean. This pest, which reportedly entered India from Africa, could result in huge economic losses if not attended to in time. From Karnataka where it was reported first, it spread to Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Telangana is among the hardest hit, with the Fall Armyworm extensively affecting the maize crop in 17 out of 30 districts.
Prices of maize in Purnea, a key market in Bihar, eased by around 4 rupees from previous close to 1,321 rupees per 100 kg amid steady arrivals of around 2,000 tn. Spot price of the coarse grain eased after rising in the last few sessions on the back of good demand from poultry and starch sector. Expectation of higher maize production in Karnataka, a key growing state, weighed on prices. Karnataka has pegged its maize output for 2018-19 (Jul-Jun) at 3.53 mln tn, up 26% on year.
In thin trade, maize prices hardened by Rs 20 per quintal at the wholesale grains market due to pick up in demand from consuming industries. Mill demand from consuming industries led to rise in maize prices. In the national capital, maize rose by Rs 20 to Rs 1,360-1,365 per quintal.
Wholesale price of good quality maize in Bihar’s Purnea, a key market, rose 5-10 rupees 1,320 rupees per 100 kg. Good demand from starch and poultry industry along with less availability of good-quality crop in the wholesale markets supported prices. Stocks of good quality maize in Bihar the largest producer of maize in the rabi season are dwindling, because most was exported to Bangladesh in Apr-May.
Maize acreage in India was unchanged on year at 7.7 mln ha. The Centre has hiked minimum support price for maize to 1,700 rupees per 100 kg for kharif marketing year starting October from 1,425 rupees in the previous year, which encouraged farmers to sow more in the key producing states of Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Gujarat. However, in some states, the acreage was down because of patchy distribution of rains. During Jun 1-Sep 2, the country received 683.2 mm rains, 6% below the normal weighted average of 728.3 mm.
Ukraine’s maize production will jump this year to just over 30 million tonnes, supported by record yields after crops benefitted from good growing weather. kraine, one of the world’s largest grain growers and exporters, is expected to produce 30.28 million tonnes of maize (corn) this year, up 23 percent from 24.67 million in 2017 and 12 percent above the average of the past five years. The bumper volume would reflect a projected record yield of 6.69 tonnes per hectare, up from 5.51 tonnes per hectare last year.
Some bulls were giving up, with preliminary open interest -13312 contracts on the day. The bulk of that was in September, with options expired and FND on Friday. NASS showed 68% of the corn in good or excellent condition, while the Brugler500 Index was up 1 point to 373. The big acreage states showed slight improvements in ratings last week. Overall ratings typically decline a notch or two each week in August. A Farm Futures survey of producers shows expected 2019 acreage of 90.8 million acres. That is up more than 1.7 million acres from 2018, but those intentions will likely change over the next 7-8 months.
Indias maize acreage was 1.6% higher at 7.3 mln ha as of Thursday from the year-ago period. Acreage in the country was also 1.4% higher as compared with the normal area of 7.14 mln ha, which is based on the average of the past five years. Higher planting in Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Rajasthan has offset the decline in other key growing states of Maharashtra, Bihar and Telangana. Announcement of higher minimum support price for maize by the government in July also encouraged farmers to bring more area under the crop. The Centre hiked the minimum support price for maize to 1,700 rupees per 100 kg for kharif marketing year (Oct-Sep) from 1,425 rupees in the previous year. Acreage was still down in some states because of subdued monsoon rains. India received 457.3 mm of rainfall during Jun-Jul, 10% below the normal weighted average of 508.5 mm for the period.
Ukraine’s maize harvest may hit a record 27-28 million tons this year and sales to China could rise by 10 percent due to the trade war between the US and China. Ukraine has exported 2.6 million tons of maize to China so far in the 2017/18 September-August season, out of total sales of 16.6 million tons.
The IGC kept its forecast for world corn (maize) production in 2018/19 at 1.052 billion tonnes, slightly above the prior seasons 1.044 billion, but a second successive global deficit was expected with consumption seen at 1.098 billion. A projected increase in maize largely hinges on a recovery in output in South America where planting for 2018/19 is still some months away.
UkrAgroConsult the consultancy raised its forecast for this year’s maize harvest to 27.3 million tonnes from the previous estimate of 26.6 million tonnes. The 2018/19 maize exports forecast remained unchanged at 21 million tonnes. The current weather conditions suggest corn yield in Ukraine may rise. In view of the above. Forecasts corn production in the country to hit a record 27.3-27.5 million tonnes.
Maize sowing in the country has gained momentum, with total area under the coarse grain rising to 6.13 mln ha from 5.11 mln ha as on Jul 12. Maize acreage in the country was largely unchanged from the year-ago period and was only a tad lower from the normal of 6.15 mln ha, based on the average of the past five years. A pick-up in rainfall across the country has boosted planting of maize.
In order to encourage farmers to grow maize instead of paddy and check the fall in ground water level, the Punjab government has announced a subsidy on farm inputs for the coarse grain in 2018-19 (Jul-Jun) kharif season. The state government has also announced a subsidy of 120 rupees per kg on purchase of maize seeds. The state government is promoting cultivation of maize in place of paddy under the crop diversification scheme. Groundwater level in 32% area of the state has fallen below 20 mtr from 2 mtr in 2000.